When planning the lighting in a kitchen it is critical to think about more than just central overhead lighting. Kitchen cabinets, counters & appliances cause all kinds of shadows and hard to reach places for light to shine. Evaluate all the work spaces of a kitchen and make sure there are light fixtures above each work space.
Second, you want to include lighting underneath upper cabinets to eliminate shadows at the back of work stations. Recessed lighting should be centered over the counter between the front edge of the counter and front of upper cabinets to hit all work areas directly where tasks are performed.
Light falling past the edge of a counter will cause light to fall on the top of your head and create a shadow where your task area needs light most.
I always use the latest low-voltage LED bulbs in warm color rendering. The low voltage recessed “housings” or fixture allow for the most efficient energy and cost saving.
Do not ever use CFL bulbs (florescent) as they are very dangerous if not poisonous to your health should they be broken as they contain mercury vapor that is a dangerous carcinogen!
We all know that the kitchen is a common gathering place where family and friends create laughter, memories and munchies. Therefore, making sure you have the correct lighting will not only make preparation more efficient but it will also make it more enjoyable.